MiCA Regulation FAQ

Understanding the Markets in Crypto-Assets Directive: Insights and Answers

Over the past few years, we’ve witnessed unprecedented growth and innovation in the crypto-assets space, leading to an inevitable call for tighter regulations to protect market participants and ensure financial stability. In response, the European Union has crafted the MiCA Regulation, aimed at setting clear rules for all players in the crypto-assets market.


Regulatory Shifts in the Crypto-Assets Realm: From Innovation to New Standards

The creation of MiCA is part of the EU’s broader digital finance strategy to foster innovation and competition while ensuring a high level of consumer and investor protection. It encompasses a wide range of assets and activities, from token issuance to custody and trading.

Navigating MiCA: Your Guide to the New Norms

The introduction of MiCA regulation brings a set of requirements that will impact various aspects of crypto-asset operations—from risk management to disclosure standards. Our aim is to demystify these complex subjects and provide clear, practical advice to help your business adapt and thrive in an evolving legal landscape.


s Keeping Up with Changes: Eesti Firma’s Up-to-date Guide on MiCA

As your trusted legal advisor, Eesti Firma is committed to ensuring that your transition to new regulatory standards is smooth and effective. We stay abreast of all the latest developments, guaranteeing that the information we share is current and accurate.

From Risks to Disclosure: Understanding MiCA Requirements

The MiCA directive’s regulation of crypto markets imposes a range of requirements affecting numerous aspects of crypto-asset operations—from risk management to disclosure standards. Our goal is to simplify these complex issues and offer clear, actionable guidance that will allow your business to adapt and flourish in a changing legal environment.

Overcoming Regulatory Hurdles with Eesti Firma

We invite you to approach us with any questions related to the MiCA directive and are ready to provide personalized support and consultation. Our specialists have profound expertise in corporate law and financial technologies, enabling us to deliver solutions that meet both current and anticipated regulatory demands.

FAQ | Markers in Crypto-Assets

In the subsequent sections, you’ll find answers to frequently posed inquiries designed to guide you through the intricacies of new regulations and their impact on your crypto enterprise.

  • What is the MiCA Directive?

    The MiCA (Markets in Crypto-Assets) Directive is a European Union regulatory framework aimed at overseeing the crypto-asset market to ensure investor protection and financial stability.

  • What are the objectives of the MiCA Directive?

    The MiCA seeks to provide legal clarity for crypto-assets, safeguard investors, foster innovation, and maintain financial stability.

  • What are the core principles of MiCA?

    The fundamental principles of regulation include transparency, security, stability, and innovativeness.

  • Which assets fall under the definition of crypto-assets in MiCA?

    The directive regulates a variety of digital assets, such as virtual currencies, security tokens, and other blockchain-based tokens.

  • What does CASP stand for?

    CASP refers to Crypto-Asset Service Providers, encompassing crypto companies, exchanges, operators of custodial crypto wallets, etc.

  • Who regulates the crypto-asset market under MiCA?

    The supervision is carried out by national regulatory bodies in conjunction with the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA).

  • How does MiCA affect crypto companies?

    Crypto companies will need to comply with new standards regarding licensing, capitalization, and transparency.

  • When will MiCA come into effect?

    The directive’s provisions regarding token issuers will be effective from June 30, 2024, while regulations for crypto-asset service providers CASP will start from December 30, 2024.

  • What are the capital requirements for crypto companies?

    The requirements vary depending on the company’s type of activity, ranging from 50,000 euros to 350,000 euros.

  • With the rollout of MiCA, what should investors anticipate?

    Investors are poised to experience enhanced protections and greater transparency in their dealings with crypto-assets.

  • Who is defined as a crypto-asset issuer under MiCA?

    An issuer is any entity that launches crypto-assets falling under MiCA’s regulatory purview.

  • How will MiCA impact ICOs?

    ICOs will be subject to stringent disclosure regulations including the mandatory creation of Whitepapers and performance reporting, bolstering investor rights.

  • What are ART and EMT tokens?

    ART tokens are assets-linked tokens, whereas EMTs are digital representations of fiat currencies.

  • What responsibilities will CASPs have?

    CASP will need to secure a license to operate, ensure operational transparency, and safeguard their clients against various risks.

  • How will MiCA affect traditional banking operations?

    Mainstream banks might encounter new, more agile competitors and will need to comply with risk management requirements related to crypto-assets.

  • Will stablecoins be usable within the EU?

    MiCA aims to regulate stablecoins, particularly ART tokens, potentially making their usage safer and more transparent in the future.

  • What effect will the directive have on digital wallets?

    Digital wallet providers will need to meet new standards of licensing, security, and personal data protection.

  • Will MiCA have an impact on cryptocurrency mining?

    While MiCA does not directly govern mining, it could indirectly influence it through the regulation of crypto-asset circulation.

  • Is a license required to handle crypto-assets in the EU?

    Yes, operating with crypto-assets in the EU will necessitate a specialized CASP license.

  • How does MiCA influence blockchain projects?

    Blockchain initiatives will need to adhere to new regulations, including licensing requirements and risk management protocols.

  • Are there any exemptions from MiCA rules?

    MiCA provides exemptions for certain activities and small-scale market operators.

  • What penalties are in place for MiCA violations?

    Breaching MiCA requirements can lead to substantial fines and possibly license revocation.

  • How will international cooperation be facilitated under MiCA?

    MiCA includes provisions for coordination between national and international regulatory bodies.

  • How does MiCA impact transaction privacy?

    MiCA introduces transparency and reporting mandates that may affect the confidentiality level of transactions. The Transfer of Funds Regulation (Directive 2023/1113), also known as the Travel Rule, is set to significantly influence crypto transaction privacy as well.

  • What's in store for crypto exchanges in the EU?

    Crypto exchanges will need to comply with new MiCA standards, including CASP licensing and client rights protection.

  • What rights does MiCA grant to investors?

    Investors are endowed with rights to information and protection against fraud and unfair practices.

  • How does MiCA affect anonymous crypto transactions?

    MiCA, alongside the TFR, is poised to reduce the anonymity of crypto transactions to bolster anti-money laundering and financial crime countermeasures.

  • How does MiCA interact with other EU laws?

    MiCA is designed to complement existing laws, including GDPR and AMLD, to ensure a comprehensive regulatory framework.

  • Can individuals trade crypto-assets without a license?

    Private investors aren’t required to have a license but must adhere to anti-money laundering rules and other regulatory directives.

  • How does the MiCA directive impact DeFi projects?

    DeFi projects may face new regulatory and transparency requirements under MiCA.

  • Does MiCA include NFT regulation?

    MiCA doesn’t directly address NFTs, yet its overarching principles could extend to them as well.

  • What does MiCA imply for the future of cryptocurrencies in the EU?

    MiCA is setting standards that are anticipated to promote a sustainable and secure growth of the EU’s cryptocurrency market.

  • How will Utility tokens be regulated?

    Issuers of utility tokens are not subjected to mandatory licensing, but depending on the token’s use case, they may need to meet specific regulatory criteria such as AML compliance or whitepaper disclosures.

For further insights on the MiCA regulatory framework, we invite you to consult with our experts. Our commitment is to provide our clients with proficient guidance through each phase, ensuring that you are well-informed and equipped to meet all MiCA regulatory requirements.


Your trusted ally in navigating the realm of MiCA compliance.

At our firm, we strive to equip our clients not just with information, but with tangible tools for navigating the new regulatory landscapes. The MiCA Directive introduces a slew of changes that will affect various facets of the crypto business—this encompasses new regulatory standards for CASPs (Crypto-Asset Service Providers), licensing requirements, robust anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing measures, as well as new rules for ICOs and issuers of tokenized assets.

MiCA Regulatory Challenges: Professional Support from Eesti Firma

We understand that such changes can pose complexities and questions, and our team stands ready to offer support at each step of this journey. By engaging our services, you gain deep regulatory insights and practical solutions tailored to your unique needs and objectives.

Stay Ahead: Keep Up with MiCA Changes Alongside Us

Keep an eye on our FAQ updates to stay informed about the latest changes in the MiCA Directive and how to adeptly adjust your business to the new realities of the crypto-assets market.


Should you have any queries or require further information on the MiCA Directive, our team is ready to provide you with professional support and consultation.

Do not hesitate to reach out to us—we are here to help your business stay abreast of all the changes and opportunities brought about by European crypto regulation.

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