Family Law in Estonia

Family Law Lawyer: Divorce, Division of Joint Property, Child Support, Child Custody Arrangements

If you’re facing legal challenges related to family law – be it divorce, division of marital property, child support, custody issues, or any other family-related legal matters – the team at Eesti Firma is ready to offer you expert legal assistance.

Our Mission is to provide a range of legal services, ensuring expert legal support and protecting the rights of our clients in a variety of complex and challenging family law scenarios.

Eesti Firma: Your Trusted Family Law Attorney

At Eesti Firma, we value the trust of our clients and are dedicated to ensuring that our legal support is as effective and comfortable for you as possible. Our lawyers are not only thoroughly knowledgeable in the intricacies of family law but also possess the understanding and skills needed to handle sensitive family matters.

Personalized Approach to Sensitive Issues

We deeply understand that each family case is unique and requires a personalized approach. Therefore, at Eesti Firma, we pay special attention to the details of your case, aiming for not only legal precision but also an understanding of the emotional and human aspects often involved in family disputes and disagreements.

From Legal Advise to Courtroom: Years of Experience in Family Matters

Our professionals have years of experience in family matters, constantly keeping up-to-date with legislative changes to provide you with the most current and effective legal assistance. We take pride in offering comprehensive support – from consultation and strategic planning to courtroom representation or assistance in out-of-court negotiations.

Choosing Eesti Firma means selecting not just family lawyer but partners who are ready to stand by your side and defend your interests with the highest level of professionalism and care.


From Marriage to Custody: Everything You Need to Know About Family Law

Estonian family law is governed by a series of legislative acts, with the Family Law Act being the cornerstone. This encompasses a wide array of issues related to family relations, including marriage, divorce, guardianship and custody of children, alimony, property division, and other aspects of family relationships.

Entering into Marriage

In Estonia, marriage is a legal union between two adults, regardless of gender. It implies equal rights and responsibilities between spouses and brings about legal rights and obligations in personal relationships, shared property, and inheritance matters.

Marriage procedures in Estonia require compliance with specific formalities and procedures set by law, including registration at relevant state authorities. For foreigners without residency or permanent residence in Estonia, a special court permission is required to marry in the country.


The process of dissolving a marriage in Estonia can be initiated at the Civil Registry Office with a joint application by both spouses or unilaterally through the court based on one spouse’s petition against the other. The divorce process not only involves the dissolution of marriage but also addresses issues related to the division of jointly acquired property, determining children’s living arrangements, and alimony.

During the divorce, both parties have the right to legal support to defend their lawful rights and interests. Thus, the Estonian divorce process encompasses not just the formal dissolution of marriage but also a comprehensive resolution of related issues, ensuring a fair and respectful approach to the rights and interests of all involved.

Division of Joint Property

Division of Jointly Acquired Property is a key aspect of family law that comes into play during the dissolution of a marriage. This process involves the distribution of property acquired by the spouses during their marriage. It’s important to note that the division of property takes into account not just financial assets and real estate, but also debts and other liabilities.

The aim of this division is to achieve fairness and equality between the parties. The procedure can be carried out either by mutual consent of the parties, formalized and approved by a notary, or through a court decision in cases of disputes or disagreements. An important part of the process is the valuation of the jointly acquired assets and their proper distribution in accordance with current legislation and prenuptial agreements, if any.

Child Support

Child Support represents financial payments designed to meet the material needs of a child after the divorce of their parents or if the parents live separately. These payments help cover expenses for food, education, medical care, clothing, and other basic needs of the child.

The minimum amount of child support is set in Article 101 of the Family Law, and depends on both macroeconomic indicators of the Estonian economy (consumer price index, average gross salary) and the real needs of the child. Alimony can be paid until the child reaches adulthood or, in some special cases, even longer if the adult child continues their education. Alimony is intended to provide the child with stable and dignified material support, regardless of the parents’ marital status.

Parental Legal Custody

Parental Legal Custody for children mean legal responsibility and the right to care for the child, including making decisions about their upbringing, education, healthcare, and ensuring their general well-being. In cases of divorce or the absence of one of the parents, determining custodianship becomes a key issue concerning the future of the child.

A custodian has the right to make important decisions in the child’s life and is responsible for their physical and emotional well-being.

Courts, when deciding on parental custody rights, are usually guided solely by the interests of the child, considering many factors, including the parents’ ability to provide a stable and favorable environment for the child’s upbringing. The distribution of custodianship rights between parents can include various options, from full custody by one parent to joint custody, where both parents actively participate in the child’s life on equal terms.

Parent-Child Interaction

Arrangements for Parent-Child Interaction in a legal context refer to establishing the rules and conditions under which parents, living separately after divorce, can maintain contact and interact with their children. These arrangements are usually determined by an agreement between the parents or, in case of disputes, by a court decision.

A key goal of establishing these interaction arrangements is to safeguard the child’s interests, ensure their emotional well-being, and maintain stable relationships with both parents.

Establishing Paternity

Establishing Paternity is a legal process aimed at the official recognition of a man as the father of a child. This process is crucial for legally defining familial ties, as well as addressing issues related to custodianship, child support, and inheritance. Paternity can be established automatically if the child is born within a marriage, or through judicial decision in cases where the child is born out of wedlock or when paternity is contested.

The process may involve undergoing DNA testing or other evidence confirming the biological link between the man and the child. Establishing paternity carries significant implications, including responsibilities for the child’s upbringing and support, as well as the child’s rights to inheritance. It also plays a key role in strengthening the emotional and psychological bonds between father and child.

Estonian family law represents a multi-tiered system that regulates family relationships from the inception of marriage to its dissolution, as well as protecting the rights and interests of children and spouses. This system strives for a balance between legal norms and the personal interests of those involved, ensuring fair resolutions even in the most complex and delicate situations.

Understanding the key aspects of Estonian family law helps citizens better navigate their rights and obligations, and seek professional legal assistance when necessary.


Your Trusted Partners in Family Law Matters: The Experienced Attorneys at Eesti Firma

We take pride in being seasoned professionals in the field of family law. With years of practice, we have developed profound knowledge and skills, enabling us to adeptly handle various family law issues and offer our clients reliable and high-quality legal support.

A Team Ready to Tackle Any Family Law Challenge

Our team consists of skilled lawyers specializing in a broad range of family law matters, including marriage and divorce, custody and guardianship issues, property division, and many other aspects related to family relations and responsibilities.

More Than Just Lawyers: Understanding and Support

We understand that family matters are often emotionally complex and require a sensitive approach. At Eesti Firma, we strive to provide top-notch legal assistance while paying special attention to the human aspect of each case, ensuring our clients receive support and understanding throughout the process.

Effective Solutions for Complex Family Issues

Over the years, we have earned a reputation as reliable legal experts capable of finding flexible and effective solutions in the most intricate and sensitive situations. Relying on our extensive experience and professionalism, we aim to achieve the best possible outcome for every client.


Get Legal Support in Family Matters Today

If you’re facing legal difficulties in family law – be it divorce, property division, alimony, child custody, or any other issue – the Eesti Firma team is ready to offer you qualified legal assistance.

Our experienced lawyers specialize in a wide range of family law matters, including complex cases that require a delicate approach and a deep understanding of the legislation. We realize how important it is to have reliable support in these sensitive matters and commit to providing each client with careful attention and effective legal solutions.

Eesti Firma: Your Dependable Partner in Solving Your Family Law Issues

Our team possesses extensive knowledge in family law and years of experience that enable us to successfully handle even the most challenging tasks. We guarantee confidentiality, attentive treatment of your problems, ensuring maximum comfort and confidence in resolving any legal issues related to family law.

FAQ | Frequently Asked Questions

Welcome to the Family Law Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section provided by Eesti Firma. Here, we’ve compiled the most common questions our clients have regarding marriage, divorce, child support, custody, and other key aspects of family law in Estonia.

Our aim is to offer you a clear and accurate understanding of Estonian family law, helping you better navigate your rights and responsibilities. We hope these answers will be useful to you in your current or future legal proceedings.

  • Can I get a divorce in Estonia if my spouse is against it?

    Yes, you can initiate a divorce in Estonia through the court even if your spouse is opposed. The process will involve court proceedings.

  • How is the amount of child support determined in Estonia?

    The amount of child support in Estonia is determined by the court based on the child’s needs and the payer’s financial capabilities.

  • How long does the divorce process take in Estonia?

    The duration of the divorce process depends on the complexity of the case but typically takes from several months to a year.

  • Can I contest the amount of child support?

    Yes, you can contest the amount of child support in court if you believe it does not match your financial capabilities or the needs of the child.

  • How is jointly acquired property divided?

    Jointly acquired property is divided either by mutual agreement of the parties or through the court if the parties cannot reach an agreement.

  • What are the father's rights to communicate with the child after divorce?

    The father has the right to communicate with the child after divorce, which is determined by an agreement between the parents or by a court decision.

  • What is joint custody of a child?

    Joint custody means that both parents have equal rights and responsibilities for raising and caring for the child after divorce.

  • Can grandparents demand the right to communicate with their grandchildren after the parents' divorce?

    Yes, grandparents can demand the right to communicate with their grandchildren, but this right will be considered by the court in the context of the child’s interests.

  • How is paternity established in Estonia?

    Paternity in Estonia can be automatic (if the child is born in marriage) or through a judicial process (if the child is born out of wedlock).

  • How can I contest paternity?

    To contest paternity, one must file a lawsuit in court and typically undergo DNA testing.

  • How to change custody arrangements after divorce?

    To change custody arrangements after divorce, you need to apply to the court with a relevant statement and justification for the changes.

  • What if my ex-spouse does not pay child support?

    In this case, you can go to court with a demand for the collection of child support.

  • Can one of the parents move with the child to another country after divorce?

    Moving with the child to another country is possible only with the consent of the other parent or a court decision.

  • How is debt divided in a divorce?

    Debts accumulated during the marriage are usually divided between the spouses in accordance with their shares in the jointly acquired property.

  • What are my rights if I was not in an official marriage?

    The rights of spouses who were not in an official marriage may be limited, especially regarding property issues.

  • Can child support be revised over time?

    Yes, child support can be revised in the event of a change in the financial situation of one of the parents or the needs of the child.

  • What documents are needed for a divorce in Estonia?

    For a divorce, personal documents of the spouses, marriage certificate, agreement on children and property, if any, are required.

  • How long does the obligation to pay child support last?

    The obligation to pay child support lasts until the child reaches adulthood or longer if the child continues education.

  • What happens to jointly acquired property in a divorce if there is no prenuptial agreement?

    In this case, property acquired during marriage is usually divided equally between the spouses.

  • How is it determined with whom the children will stay after divorce?

    This is determined by an agreement between the parents or a court decision based on the interests of the child.

  • What factors does the court consider when determining custody of children?

    The court considers many factors, including each parent’s ability to provide a favorable environment for the child, his attachment to each parent, and the opinions of older children.

  • How is the execution of the child support decision ensured?

    Non-compliance with the child support decision can lead to legal enforcement or other legal consequences.

  • Can a child choose whom to live with after the parents' divorce?

    The child’s opinion can be considered depending on his age and maturity, but the final decision is made by the court.

  • What rights do grandparents have regarding their grandchildren after the divorce of their parents?

    Grandparents may have the right to communicate with their grandchildren, but this right will be considered by the court in the context of the child’s interests.

  • Can I change the terms of the prenuptial agreement after getting married?

    Yes, the terms of the prenuptial agreement can be changed by mutual consent of both parties and subsequent notarial registration.

We trust that this FAQ section has helped you gain a better grasp of the fundamental aspects of family law in Estonia. Should you have any additional questions or require personalized legal advice, our team at Eesti Firma is always ready to provide professional support and tailored solutions for your unique situation.

Feel free to contact us for further assistance or consultation, and we’ll be delighted to assist you with your family legal matters.

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